Related article: Fabricating
an Enemy: "Al Qaeda in Iraq". Who is Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi?:
- by Michel Chossudovsky - 2005-09-30
Abu Musab Al Zarqawi has been presented both by the Bush administration and
the Western media as the mastermind behind the "insurgency"
in Iraq, allegedly responsible for the massacres of Iraqi civilians.
Zarqawi is the outside enemy of America. The Bush administration
in official statements, including presidential speeches, national
security documents, etc. has repeatedly pointed to the need to
"go after" Abu Musab Al Zarqawi and Osama bin Laden.
"You know, I hate to predict violence, but I
just understand the nature of the killers. This guy, Zarqawi, an al
Qaeda associate -- who was in Baghdad, by the way, prior to the
removal of Saddam Hussein -- is still at large in Iraq. And as you
might remember, part of his operational plan was to sow violence and
discord amongst the various groups in Iraq by cold- blooded killing.
And we need to help find Zarqawi so that the people of Iraq can have
a more bright -- bright future." (George W. Bush, Press
Conference, 1 June 2004)
official mandate of US and British occupation forces is to
fight and win the "war on terrorism" on behalf of the Iraqi
people. Zarqawi constitutes Washington's justification
for the continued military occupation of Iraq, not to mention the brutal
siege of densely populated urban areas directed against
"Al Qaeda in Iraq" which is said to be led by
forces are upheld as playing a "peace keeping role"
in consultation with the United Nations. The Western media
in chorus has consistently upheld the legitimacy of the "war on
terrorism". It has not only presented Zarqawi as a brutal
terrorist, it has also failed to report on the Pentagon's
disinformation campaign, which has been known and documented since
Pentagon PSYOP Zarqawi Program
an unusual twist, the Washington Post in a recent article,
has acknowledged that the role of Zarqawi had been deliberately
"magnified" by the Pentagon with a view to galvanizing public
support for the US-UK led "war on terrorism":
(WP, op cit).
"The Zarqawi campaign is discussed
in several of the internal military documents. "Villainize
Zarqawi/leverage xenophobia response," one U.S. military briefing
from 2004 stated. It listed three methods: "Media operations,"
"Special Ops (626)" (a reference to Task Force 626, an elite
U.S. military unit assigned primarily to hunt in Iraq for senior
officials in Hussein's government) and "PSYOP," the U.S.
military term for propaganda work..." (WP. 10 April 2006)
The military's propaganda
program, according to the Washington Post, has "largely been
aimed at Iraqis, but seems to have spilled over into the U.S. media.
One briefing slide about U.S. "strategic communications" in
Iraq, prepared for Army Gen. George W. Casey Jr., the top U.S.
commander in Iraq, describes the "home audience" as one of
six major targets of the American side of the war." (WP, op cit.)
An internal document produced by U.S. military headquarters
in Iraq, states that "the Zarqawi PSYOP program is the most
successful information campaign to date
senior commander entrusted with Pentagon's PSYOP operation is
General Kimmitt who now occupies the position of senior
planner at US Central Command (USCENTCOM), responsible for directing operations
in Iraq and the Middle East.
2003 and 2004, he coordinated public affairs, information operations
and psychological operations in Iraq -- though he said in an
interview the internal briefing must be mistaken because he did not
actually run the psychological operations and could not speak for
them. Kimmitt said, "There was clearly an information campaign
to raise the public awareness of who Zarqawi was, primarily for the
Iraqi audience but also with the international audience."
A goal of the campaign was to drive a wedge into the insurgency by
emphasizing Zarqawi's terrorist acts and foreign origin, said
officers familiar with the program. "Through aggressive
Strategic Communications, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi now represents:
Terrorism in Iraq/Foreign Fighters in Iraq/Suffering of Iraqi People
(Infrastructure Attacks)/Denial of Iraqi Aspirations," the same
It is difficult to determine how much has been spent on the Zarqawi
campaign, which began two years ago and is believed to be ongoing.
U.S. propaganda efforts in Iraq in 2004 cost $24 million, but that
included extensive building of offices and residences for troops
involved, as well as radio broadcasts and distribution of thousands
of leaflets with Zarqawi's face on them, said the officer speaking
The Zarqawi program at the Pentagon was run concurrently with a
related operation "led by the Lincoln Group, a U.S.
consulting firm, to place pro-U.S. articles in Iraq newspapers,
according to the officer familiar with the program who spoke on
background." According to The Washington Post, however, there
was no relationship between the Pentagon's PSYOP program and
that run by the Lincoln Group on behalf of the Pentagon. (WP,
10 April 2006)
and war propaganda are an integral part of military planning. What the Washington
Post fails to mention, however, is its own role in sustaining the
Zarqawi legend , along with network TV, most of the printed press, and
of course CNN and Fox News, not to mention a significant
portion of the alternative media. Disinformation regarding
the War on terrorism has been fed into the news chain by a limited
number of "top feeders":
relatively few well-connected correspondents provide the "scoops"
that get the coverage in the relatively few mainstream news sources
- the four TV networks, TIME, Newsweek, CNN - where the parameters
of debate are set and the "official reality" is
consecrated for the bottom feeders in the news chain. In other
countries, this is what is known as propaganda - or, put less
politely, psychological warfare. ( Chaim
Propaganda Preparation for 9/11)
Zarqawi has been
identified by the US media as being behind the "insurgency"
in Fallujah, Tal Afar and Samara. He was held responsible for the
Amman hotel bombings as well as terrorist attacks in several Western
capitals.. He is indelibly behind the suicide bomb attacks in Iraq as confirmed
by the Washington Post: " The ruling Shiite leadership has
Zarqawi squarely in its sights. He has led the suicide bombers whose
Shiite victims are now climbing into the thousands." ( 11
The Pentagon's PSYOP is a
cover-up for US sponsored atrocities by the US media, which has upheld
the "villainize Zarqawi" focus in its news and editorials
coverage of the Iraqi resistance movement.
The top U.S. military
intelligence officer in Iraq said Abu Musab Zarqawi and his foreign
and Iraqi associates have essentially commandeered the insurgency,
becoming the dominant opposition force and the greatest immediate
threat to U.S. objectives in the country.
"I think what you
really have here is an insurgency that's been hijacked by a
terrorist campaign," Army Maj. Gen. Richard Zahner said in an
interview. "In part, by Zarqawi becoming the face of this thing,
he has certainly gotten the funding, the media and, frankly, has
allowed other folks to work along in his draft." (WP, 25
Amid the continuing
bloodshed in Iraq, there is evidence of fresh thinking. The change
is, ironically, brought about by Abu Musab Zarqawi himself, whose
indiscriminate terrorism appears to have succeeded in uniting people
there against his global jihad ideology. Since the hotel bombings in
Zarqawi's native Jordan, more and more Sunni Iraqis and Arabs have
condemned the terrorist leader's nightmarish vision for their
societies -- one that promises further "catastrophic"
suicide attacks. (WP, 4 December 2005)
Immediate withdrawal from
Iraq is not an option the U.S. administration can or should
entertain. It would give Abu Musab Zarqawi and his small band of
foreign fighters the opportunity to claim victory and to announce
that they have successfully defeated a superpower. This would
strengthen al Qaeda's hand across the Middle East and elsewhere, and
lead to greater instability throughout the region. (WP, 11 December
The US media has identified
the nature of the insurgency, centering on the key role of Zarqawi and
his ties to the former Baathist regime:
"The backbone of the insurgency
appears to be an alliance between the die-hard Baathists and the
network of terrorists mostly under the command of Abu Musab Zarqawi.
It is a partnership of convenience; both groups are fighting the
same battle, but for different reasons and with different goals.
(WP, 8 May 2005)
[S]enior officials at the
Pentagon and in Iraq say they believe that Mr. Zarqawi and the
insurgency's ''center of gravity'' is now in the bends and towns of
the Euphrates River valley near the Syrian border.(New York Times,
17 September 2005)
In Fallujah, the siege of the
city, which resulted in thousands of civilian deaths was described as
a battle against the "Zarqawi network":.
U.S. forces have conducted
four airstrikes on what have been described as targets associated
with Zarqawi's network in and around the city. Among them was a
housing compound in an agricultural area about 15 miles south of
Fallujah where the U.S. military said as many as 90 foreign fighters
were meeting. The military said the strike, which occurred on
Thursday evening, killed about 60 foreign fighters.
Witnesses and hospital
officials disputed the account, saying that about 30 men were killed,
many of them Iraqi. They said 15 children and 11 women also died in
Neither version of the
strike could be independently verified.
The following night, the
U.S. military said in a statement that it conducted "another
successful precision strike" on a meeting of "approximately
10 Zarqawi terrorists" in central Fallujah. "There was no
indication that any innocent civilians were in the immediate
vicinity of the meeting location," the military said in the
statement. (WP, 21 Sept 2004)
If indeed Zarqawi's role was
fabricated as part of the Pentagon's PSYOP, what is the accuracy of
these media reports?
The internal military
documents leaked to Washington Post confirm that the Pentagon is
involved in an ongoing propaganda campaign which seeks to
provide a face to the enemy. The purpose is to portray the enemy as a
terrorist, to mislead public opinion.
Counterterrorism and war
propaganda are intertwined. The propaganda apparatus feeds
disinformation into the news chain. The objective is to present the
terror groups as "enemies of America." responsible for
countless atrocities in Iraq and around the World. The
underlying objective is to galvanize public opinion in support of
America's Middle East war agenda.
US military-intelligence has
created it own terrorist organizations. In turn, it has developed a
cohesive multibillion dollar counterterrorism program "to go
after" these terrorist organizations. To reach its foreign
policy objectives, the images of terrorism in the Iraqi war theater
must remain vivid in the minds of the citizens, who are constantly
reminded of the terrorist threat. The Iraqi resistance movement is
described as terrorists led by Zarqawi.
The propaganda campaign using
the Western media, presents the portraits of the leaders behind
the terror network. In other words, at the level of what constitutes
an "advertising" campaign, "it gives a face to terror."
The "war on terrorism"
rests on the creation of one or more evil bogeymen, the terror leaders,
Osama bin Laden, Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi, et al, whose names and photos
are presented ad nauseam in daily news reports. Without
Zarqawi and bin Laden, the "war on terrorism" would loose its
raison d'ętre. The main casus belli is to wage a " war on
The Pentagon documents leaked
to the Washington Post regarding Zarqawi have revealed that Al Qaeda
in Iraq is fabricated.
The suicide attacks in Iraq are indeed real, but who is behind them?
There are indications that some of the suicide attacks could
have been organized by the US-UK military and intelligence.
(See references below pertaining to British
Special Forces Soldiers caught Planting Bombs in Basra.)
Michel Chossudovsky is the author of
the international best seller "The Globalization of Poverty
" published in eleven languages. He is Professor of Economics
at the University of Ottawa and Director of the Center for Research
on Globalization, at www.globalresearch.ca
. He is also a contributor to the Encyclopaedia Britannica.
His most recent book entitled: America’s
"War on Terrorism", Global
Research, 2005, contains a detailed analysis of the role of Zarqawi
in the Adminstration's disinformation campaign.
To order Chossudovsky's
"War on Terrorism", click here.
Chief Police Investigator in Basra dies under mysterious circumstances
- by Michel Chossudovsky - 2005-10-17
British Special Forces Soldiers Planting Bombs in Basra?
- by Michael Keefer - 2005-09-25
"Undercover Soldiers" Caught driving Booby Trapped Car
- by Michel Chossudovsky - 2005-09-20
Al-Zarqawi Really Bomb Amman? - by Dr.
Elias Akleh - 2005-11-15
Al-Zarqawi 11/9 Amman Bombings: More Holes in the Official Story
- by Michel Chossudovsky - 2005-11-15
an Enemy: "Al Qaeda in Iraq". Who is Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi?:
- by Michel Chossudovsky - 2005-09-30
Qaeda and the Iraqi Resistance Movement
- by Michel Chossudovsky - 2005-09-18